With the digital age affecting the majority of business decisions in one way or another, many businesses are turning to mobile apps to help them meet their business goals. Once you nail down your idea and design, it’s time to get into the nitty-gritty and develop your app. That means you need to go through all your target markets and optimize your plan. How you choose the programming language for your app will depend on different factors. This includes whether you want your app to be solely yours (a native app), a cross-platform app, or a hybrid of these options. Your choice can also depend on whether you want an app for iOS, Android, or Windows. Likewise, the type of functions and level of programming you need to execute will have a heavy impact on your choice.
Before you decide, here’s what you need to know about the best languages to use to develop your app:
Best Languages for App Development
If you want to create apps for Windows or Android, C++ is the most fitting option. This scripting language has been around and thriving since before even smartphones, and it’s great for low-level programming uses. It’s powerful and robust, despite not being the ‘hot’ commodity that trendier programming languages seem to be.
It’s been a reliable programming language since its onset and remains one of the premier choices today. You can use C++ to create any app, for any platform, with nearly any purpose in mind, so it’s a dependable choice. If you need extra reassurance on how powerful it is, C++ was used to develop both Google Chrome and Microsoft Windows.
C#, also known as C Sharp, isn’t the programming language you’d necessarily use for every app, but if you’re developing an app for a Windows’ phone, it an ideal solution. Microsoft fans consider this to be the most desired programming language, so although it may not change your life if you’re working on an iOS app, it’s perfect for Windows applications. C# is also a great programming language if you’ll be developing gaming apps since it’s backed by Unity3D.
Swift is intended to work with Objective-C (which we’ll cover in more detail later), it’s quickly becoming the go-to language for general-purpose programming. It’s the newest addition to coding languages for Apple, so it’s gaining popularity among iOS app developers. It’s open-source, which means any prospective app developer can use it, so long as they have a Linux system to operate it on. For developing iOS and OS X apps, this is the basic language you need to fully develop an app, although it won’t work for android app development.
While it does work in conjunction with Swift, some Objective-C users are relying more heavily on the former. Objective-C is integrated into all of Apple’s frameworks, so it’s even easier to use. Not only that, it can be used to directly address programming items such as graphics and display on iOS systems. Even though Swift is replacing a lot of Objective-C’s functionality, it’s still one of the best programming languages to use for developing your app since it’s been used heavily in prior app development and still supports the framework of a huge portion of apps.
Python is a great choice for more novice programmers, since it’s easier to read and learn than other languages, and it still delivers high-level programmers. It’s becoming more and more widely used in a vast array of applications from web apps, to mobile apps, to desktop apps and network servers and more. It’s also a great option if you’re getting into the API or back-end bits of your app development. Python does exist as a high-level programming language, although nearly anyone can use it. It’s best used to create desktop and mobile apps from scratch; even better, you can create any type of app with Python. You can use it to program mobile apps on nearly any operating system too; Python will run on Linux, Unix, Windows, and Mac.
Programming languages are an ever-evolving species, with languages being created or used in different ways all the time. There are some programming languages, like Python or C++, that can achieve almost any goal you have for your app development. That said, depending on what your goals are, you may choose to go with a more specialized programming language to create an app with very specific strengths. Any of the coding languages on our list are tried and true options that app developers have widely supported and used. What you end up choosing should be based not only on your level of programming skill but also the ultimate direction you want to drive your mobile app in. When you’re starting, it’s a good idea to explore some of these languages to make sure you get the fit that perfectly suits your vision for your app.